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Sustainable development has been defined in many ways. Further analysis is performed by the authors to show the relationship between each characteristic and sustainability pillars. (2016). You may be able to access this content by logging in via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account. The 2030 agenda for sustainable development (United Nations Development Programme 2018). (2014). 917–932. This could be achieved through offering job opportunities; enhancing education, R&D and healthcare systems (, Focuses on delivering sustainable economy without compromising societal needs through promoting business ethics, ensuring fair trade and preserving workers’ rights, Focuses on promoting developing fair environment that accomplishes social justice in terms of resource distribution within itself. Structural Survey, 27(1), pp. A. E. (2007). Buffalo Bayou Park is a 160-acre linear park stretching for 2.3 miles west of downtown Houston, along the region’s primary river. (1987). 91–98. The society domain of the strategy focuses on engaging society members in the decision-making process, identifying stakeholders and their positive and negative impacts on the project. It includes: Strategy for adaptive reuse of historic buildings (developed by authors). Case Study: The Adaptive Reuse of The National Park Seminary . The methodological approach of this study is a literature review and a critical analysis of the practice of adaptive review. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. Benzu JK (2011). “Adaptive Reuse of commercial buildings” Building Science Forum, Available at http://www.monstercommercial.com/adaptive-re-use-of-commercialbuildings/. This will be achieved through enhancing efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy and development space. 17(2). Bullen, P. A. ), Gaining governmental approvals and support of decision makers and top management to facilitate securing the needed resources as well as accepting and implementing the study decisions, Support of government, decision makers and senior management, Identified, validated and classified current challenges of adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries, To identify improvement opportunities and strategies towards overcoming the challenges of adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries, Identifying improvement opportunities with regard to the different domains of strategy, namely, government, society, economy, environment, law and technology. It is essential that feasibility studies explore how existing components and the intended construction methods would maintain the structural integrity of the building. About 85.4% of the world population lives in developing countries. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Civil Engineering, 138(special issue 2), pp. Economic Concepts. Summary of benefits of adaptive reuse explored in each case study (developed by the authors). There are a number of challenges that encounter the adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries and their sustainability (Table 4). The literature review mentioned earlier highlighted that achieving objectives of sustainable development plays a significant role towards enhancing quality of people’s life. Ball, R. (1999). THE CHALLENGES OF ADAPTIVE REUSE DEVELOPMENT . Table 7 provides a summary of the two cases. The case studies were selected to explore the role of adaptive reuse towards generating sustainable values of historic buildings and show the link between the issues raised in literature review and how they were reflected in the real world. Matisoff, D. C., Noonany, D. S., & Flowers, M. E. (2016). Search ULI Case Studies Submit Main Menu About View All Case Studies Contact Sign In Join ULI Buffalo Bayou Park . Green Buildings: Economics and Policies. Adaptive reuse is the process that changes a disused, obsolete or ineffective building into a new one that can be used for a different purpose (Burton 2014). Characteristics of Developing Countries. Othman, A. Available at https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4391. Towards revitalizing and generating sustainable values of these buildings, many historic buildings of cultural and historic significance are being adapted and reused rather than being demolished (Ball 1999; DEH 2004; Wilkinson and Reed 2008; Wilkinson et al. Sauer Properties Case Study Adaptive Reuse , Commercial , Building Documentation Scanning of existing buildings and 3D modeling of proposed commercial space for six-acre Sauer Properties site facilitates architectural visualization, planning and city permitting. The aim of sustainability pillars (developed by the authors). (1998). In this study, we set the framework for analysis and integration of the topics related to disassembly planning for adaptive reuse of buildings (see Fig. Kolkata Town Hall before and after restoration (Google images 2017). To learn more about the use of cookies, please read our. Restoration of Town Hall in Kolkata for adaptive reuse: A case study. (2016). (2004). Adaptive reuse buildings can include space adjustments, adding new structures to the original building to match the new function. Kintu, A.B. Available at http://www.economicsconcepts.com/common_characteristics_of_developing_countries.htm on 21 April 2013. Towards attaining this aim, a qualitative research approach is used to accomplish four objectives. Advance the knowledge of adaptive reuse by analysing Castelvecchio by Carlo Scarpa as a complete adaptive reuse case study. Adaptive Reuse of Religious Buildings in the U.S.: Determinants of ... To test hypotheses of this dissertation, both the multiple-case study and statistical analyses were used. http://www.eg.undp.org/content/egypt/en/home/sdgoverview/post-2015-development-agenda.html. “Adaptive Reuse of commercial buildings” Building Science Forum, Available at, http://www.monstercommercial.com/adaptive-re-use-of-commercialbuildings/. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here.You can also find out more about Emerald Engage. adaptive reuse is a strategy cities can use to maintain a competitive edge while continuing to be a good. This approach was proven successful instead of demolishing heritage buildings, which was not used. Architectural Engineering and Design Management, 3(3), pp. Sustainability assessment and reporting for the University of Michigan’s Ann Arbor Campus. (2009). Another dimension of the environment domain is to consider the impact of the surrounding environment on the performance and sustainability of the historic building, The law domain of the strategy is concerned with establishing the regulations and enforcing the rules that organize the preservation, restoration and adaptive reuse of historic buildings. 5.3 Collective conclusion of case studies. Ground and first floors after restoration. All low (GNI ≤ US$1,025), lower (GNI = US$1,026–US$4,035) and upper middle-income countries (GNI = US$4,036–US$12,475) are classified as developing countries. 352–361. The building currently comprises the first high-tech story-telling museum “Kolkata Panorama”, public gathering spaces, administrative area, academic seminar area and sociocultural event area (Bose 2012). [Online]. Bullen, P. A., & Love, P. E. D. (2011). First, literature review is used to investigate the concepts of sustainable development, sustainable values, adaptive reuse and characteristics of developing countries. Furthermore, despite claims that it is motivated by the 3 Es of the sustainability triangle, the authors could find no research that critiques adaptive reuse from this perspective. Cohen, B. Antiquities and Monuments Office, Leisure and Cultural Services Department. World Commission on Environment and Development. Using building adaptive reuse to deliver sustainability in Australia. Economic: Educational the Allowance. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 9(1), pp. The findings of this research show design criteria for industrial facade preservation and illustrate the positive effects of adaptive reuse. A historic site may be any building, landscape, site or structure that is of local, regional or national significance. This study suggests policy interventions that address the equity issue in adaptive reuse. In adaptive reuse, there are no actors at the equity corner of the triangle, and there are minimal attempts to address concerns along the equity–environment and equity–economic development edges of the triangle. The data collected from the case studies were analyzed using content analysis. The building represents the first high-tech story-telling museum in India, Through the establishment of supporting laws, more heritage buildings could be adapted and reused, which reduces the demand on vacant land. Owing to the characteristics of developing countries, they suffer from lack of capabilities and skills, which affect the utilization of historic buildings. Bullen, P. A., & Love, P. E. D. (2011). (2008). Wilkinson, S., Reed, R., & Kimberley, J. . (2018). Sustainable development potential in the wake of a former industrial building adaptive reuse project, given the several variables involved, is an important subject of study and is known by the wider scientific community to add value to a city. To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button. Adaptive Reuse : Issues and Case Studies in Building Preservation. Othman, A. Othman, A. Karlsson, I. In: Proceedings of Codatu XIII: Sustainable Development Challenges of Transport in Cities of the Developing World: Doing What Works, 12–14 November 2008, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Bobrova, V., & Kalvina, J. Urban Regeneration Project for Historic Cairo. It is mainly about reusing a building with its existing structure to extend its life cycle whilst performing a new function. (2016, September 5). Available at http://economydetail.blogspot.com/2010_02_01_archive.html. The preservation of ornaments provided an aesthetical sense of that era, Since repair works were incorporated in the adaptive reuse process, many building elements were restored and repaired, which resulted in a better aesthetical appearance, The adaptive reuse included high technology and innovation. The big challenge in the formal analysis of adaptive reuse architecture is the need to consider both the original building with its original use and physical structure, and the transformed building with its new use and new physical structure. Burton, B. Adaptive reuse and sustainability of commercial buildings. Case Study 2: Kolkata Town Hall’s achievements of sustainability values (developed by the authors). This includes issuing laws and policies for preservation, initiating projects for adaptive reuse, inviting national and international experts and organisations to conduct the adaptive reuse work and securing needed approvals and financial resources and human skills. Bayt al-Kritliya, Cairo, Egypt (Google images 2017). Sustainable development aims to deliver products that enhance life’s quality, achieve customer satisfaction, provide flexibility and adaptation to user changes, support desirable natural and social environments as well as maximize the efficient use of resources (Raynsford 2000). Three aspects of Sustainable Environmental Architecture. Questionnaire survey and case studies collected in South Australia are used to illustrate the research objectives.This research discovers that the adaptive re-use … Bullen, P. A., & Love, P. E. D. (2009). The project aimed at preserving the house and its diverse collections as well as its unique setting – having two houses linked together. Sustainable Cities and Society, 26, pp. (2013). There is a growing acceptance worldwide that conserving historic buildings provides significant economic, cultural and social benefits (Bullen and Love 2010). Bayt al-Kritliya is considered as one of the most magnificent residential Ottoman structures located in Darb al-Asfar, Cairo, Egypt, next to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque. Through analysis of the case studies, this thesis proposes that the sustainable adaptive reuse of industrial buildings has great potential in social benefits. Listed Buildings. meeting sustainable development benchmarks. Yung, E. H., & Chan, E. H. (2012). To achieve this aim, a research strategy is designed to accomplish four objectives: first, literature related to sustainable development, sustainable values, adaptive reuse and developing countries is reviewed; second, two case studies are presented and analysed to investigate the role of adaptive reuse towards increasing the sustainable value of heritage buildings; third, a strategy with its action plan is developed for facilitating adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries and finally, research conclusions are outlined and recommendations useful to professionals concerned with adaptive reuse of historic buildings are proposed. Characteristics of Developing Countries. Developers, regeneration and sustainability issues in the reuse of vacant buildings. 35 No. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. This project provided a new experience to the Indian government and highlighted the benefit of preserving heritage buildings through adaptive reuse. However, this vision should consider historic buildings that were built centuries ago. 20–31. It describes the various domains that governmental authorities responsible for heritage and antiquities in developing countries can adopt to revitalize and generate sustainable values of historic buildings. This is currently practiced worldwide, specifically when a building has a unique architectural character and is in a stable condition. 3. Review selected international examples have applied these principles 4. Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Fry, M. J. Figure 6 describes the six domains of the developed strategy. Saving, Investment, Growth, and Financial Distortions in the Pacific Basin and Other Developing Areas. WDR. 16–22. Having reviewed the concepts of sustainable development, sustainable values, characteristics of developing countries and adaptive reuse and through keeping in mind the learned lessons of case studies, the research may reach the following conclusions and recommendations: Hence, the research comes to the following recommendations. [Online]. (1987). The World Development Report (World Bank Data Team 2016) classified countries into four income groups based on their gross national income (GNI) per capita. In addition, the necessity for the SARHB stems from the importance of supporting governmental initiatives in developing countries towards maintaining their heritage and utilizing their values. Hence, the study aims to analyze the remedial actions that can overcome the barriers to and challenges of ARB in Sri Lanka.,This study adopted a qualitative research approach by using three expert interviews and five case studies. In adaptive reuse, there are no actors at the equity corner of the triangle, and there are minimal attempts to address concerns along the equity–environment and equity–economic development edges of the triangle.,This study focuses on the USA.,This study suggests policy interventions that address the equity issue in adaptive reuse.,This is the first study to provide a succinct review of contemporary adaptive reuse … As a part of the case studies… The relationship between characteristics of developing countries and sustainability pillars (developed by the authors). damaged, unstable, in good state), Identifying the environmental, social and economic impacts of historic buildings on the surrounding environment, Identifying, validating and classifying the challenges of adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries, Conducting an orientation meeting prior to the study to establish strategic issues (study location, team, budget, resources, etc. Three aspects of Sustainable Environmental Architecture. This is the first study to provide a succinct review of contemporary adaptive reuse and that places the practice within the framework of the 3 Es of sustainability. This entails the reduction of unnecessary costs and promotes efficient use of energy and natural resources. A case study of 1315 Peachtree Street, Atlanta, GA demonstrates some of the barriers that are currently present achieving energy efficiency and sustainability in adaptive reuse and strategies that were used to overcome those barriers. The project included the construction of a new conservation, creating new display spaces and landscaping the gardens to create an open-air area for cultural events and other facilities (Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2007). diagnosing current challenge of adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries; identifying and evaluating improvement opportunities and strategies; planning and implementing improvement opportunities; monitoring and evaluating obtained results and. Rodriguez, S., Roman, M., Sturhahn, S., & Terry, E. (2002). A study by Heath (2001) examined the adaptive reuse of obsolete office buildings to residential. The rhetoric of adaptive reuse or reality of demolition: Views from the field. Common Characteristics of Developing/Third World Countries. In 2016, the United Nations developed the Human Development Index (HDI) as a measure to gauge the level of human development of countries. Adaptive reuse constitutes a major factor for the city resource exploitation, to wit the sustainable urban development. Citation: Organization, Technology and Management in Construction: an International Journal 10, 1; 10.2478/otmcj-2018-0002. Factors influencing the adaptive reuse of buildings. [Online]. Moreover, giving historic buildings new function is seen as an effective method towards a self-financing conservation (Yung and Chan 2012), which contributes to the economic pillar of sustainable development. Technology in Society, 28, pp. Governments worldwide are concerned with delivering facilities and infrastructure projects that achieve the social, economic and environmental objectives of sustainable development. 215–224. Japanese Pagoda Photo Credit: Michael Ventura . Sustainable values are delivered through the optimum achievement of the required functions that meet the clients’ and users’ needs, desires and expectations in a way that protects the environment, enhances the society and prospers the economy. Structural Survey, 27(5), pp. This entails conducting Environmental Impact Assessment to the intended reuse of the building and selecting proper materials that match with those of the original building and its structure. In spite the focus is usually directed at new buildings, this vision should include historic buildings. Building Research and Information, 27(3), pp.140–148. (Department of Urban Studies and Planning. Starting from its original urban vocation, a place of healthcare for the whole city, the research envisions to re-functionalize Cagliari’s historic hospital maintaining its soul, Raynsford, N. (2000) Sustainable construction: The government’s role. However, there is a lack of literature that pulls all the strands of adaptive reuse together. (2012). Available from: http://www.architecture-student.com/sustainabledesign/three-aspects-of-sustainableenvironmental-architecture/. Available at http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2016_EN_Table1.pdf on 12 February 2018. Bullen, P. A., & Love, P. E. D. (2009). Implementation challenges to the adaptive reuse of heritage buildings: Towards the goals of sustainable, low carbon cities. In addition, the practical aspects of different use options have to be fully explored while keeping community values and heritage values in mind. Courtesy of Architect. 32–46. It focuses also on creating job opportunities to the surrounding communities and helps improving their income and increasing the country’s GDP. Uppsala University, The Baltic University Programme, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, Sweden. The findings of this research show design criteria for industrial facade preservation and illustrate the positive effects of adaptive reuse. Table 9 describes the action plan including its objectives, activities, tools and techniques, involved personnel and needed resources as well as the output of every step. The functional and physical states of the city at that time are preserved. Case Study Set One: Adaptive Reuse for Historic Preservation. Plevoets and Van Cleempoel stated that review of adaptive reuse is mainly based on case study rather than architectural theory and conservation history. Adaptive Reuse, Building Documentation, Commercial Sauer Properties Case Study Scanning of existing buildings and 3D modeling of proposed commercial space for six-acre Sauer Properties site facilitates architectural visualization, planning and city permitting. Furthermore, feasibility studies should identify whether expected outcomes can fulfil sustainability requirements and whether demolition and subsequent rebuilding would increase density and plot ratio. The house reflects the social patterns of Ottoman period with separated public and private areas, salamlik and haramlik, respectively. the opening questions by investigating a relevant case study, the adaptive reuse of the Ospedale of San Giovanni di Dio in Cagliari, Italy. Law usually protects historic sites, and many have been recognized with the official national historic site status. ISBN 978-0-19-932515-3. 351–360. Modern adaptive reuse of industrial heritage sites that have lost their function contributes to the improvement of social sustainability and cultural potential and leads to social cohesion through respect for cultural capital as an important part of the social potential by maintaining a shared collective identity (Blockley et al.,1999). Characteristics of Developing countries. Available at http://www.shvoong.com/social-sciences/1758902-characteristics-developing-countries/ on 22 April 2013. Thus, the building was transformed into a museum. The authors attribute this to the fact that the same actors – the private and public sectors – are located at both corners of the triangle, and they have shared interests. Available at https://works.bepress.com/mohamed-amer/5/ on 10 February 2017. The index showed that 18% of the world’s population lives in low human development countries (HDI = <0.500), while 52% populate countries falling in the medium human development category (HDI = 0.500–0.799), all of which represent developing countries (Human Development Report 2016). Urban Regeneration Project for Historic Cairo. The data collected from the case studies were analyzed using content analysis. To maintain the stability of these buildings and ensure the delivered sustainable values, approvals of governmental authorities responsible for these buildings should be secured before the commencement of any work. Table 2 shows the relationship between the pillars of sustainable development and benefits of adaptive reuse. This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of adaptive reuse as an innovative approach for generating sustainable values of historic buildings in developing countries. It calls for a society that eradicates the discrimination of rights of its individuals based on their ethnicity, sex, religion, age or social background (, Focuses on the right of society members to have a fair share of the natural resources of the environment at national and international levels. The case studies mentioned earlier highlighted the effectiveness of adaptive reuse process towards achieving sustainable values. Retrieved from Historic England: Available at https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/what-is-designation/listed-buildings/. Bullen, P. A., & Love, P. E. D. (2010). Adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries is a novel approach for revitalizing these buildings and maximizing their sustainable values. World Bank Data Team. It is the art and science of planning and marshalling resources for their most efficient and effective use (Freedman 2013). Aga Khan Award for Architecture, Geneva. The study follows with the importance of heritage interiors, and with the help of few case studies, a few recommendations and guidelines for a sensitive … Benzu JK (2011). Download Case Study Brochure Adaptive Reuse , Gruenstark (GS) Anchors , Seismic Retrofit , Services , Stabilization of Historic Structures , Testing and Analysis Project Background: It can transform heritage buildings into accessible and useable places as well as provide the added benefit of regenerating an area in a sustainable manner. Detailed description of the developed action plan. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It is not only enough to preserve the building to perform a new function but also analysis of the existing fabric in contact with the heritage building is needed in order to make sure its originality is preserved. Adaptive Reuse of Holdredge Garage: A Case Study in Geotechnical Engineering and Historic Preservation. Connexions. Assessment of 1,444 Historic Buildings. Available at, http://economydetail.blogspot.com/2010_02_01_archive.html, Economic Concepts. Reusing heritage buildings as a cultural hub or museum helps in motivating tourism and community awareness of the heritage site. Using building adaptive reuse to deliver sustainability in Australia. The business case for incorporating sustainability in office buildings: The adaptive reuse of existing buildings. Matisoff, D. C., Noonany, D. S., & Flowers, M. E. (2016). Owing to their merit, historic buildings could be graded as follows (Antiquities and Monuments Office, Leisure and Cultural Services Department 2017; Historicengland 2018): Historic buildings represent an integral part of every country’s heritage wealth. Visit emeraldpublishing.com/platformupdate to discover the latest news and updates, Answers to the most commonly asked questions here. Approach in 16 Case Studies The starting point for this research was the fundamental assumption that “circular governance is a necessary precondition for sustainable adaptive reuse of cultural heritage.” Together with new communication means and social innovation processes, the Circular Governance principles can provide the framework for a Langston, C. and Shen, L. Application of the adaptive reuse potential model in Hong Kong: A case study of Lui Seng Chun. Within the built environment, sustainable development aims to deliver built assets that enhance quality of life, achieve customer satisfaction, offer flexibility and the potential to cater for user changes in the future, provide and support desirable natural and social environments and maximize the efficient use of resources (Othman 2007). The building includes various ornaments in its floors. (2004), Adaptive Reuse. Third, a strategy with its action plan is developed to facilitate the adaptive reuse of historic buildings in developing countries. The process of restoring the building for public use included repair work to different building elements such as roofs, floors, doors and windows and building services. A. E., Ghaly, M., & ZainulAbidin, N. (2013). 3/4, pp. Economics. Department of Environment and Heritage (DEH). It consists of the following steps. Generating Sustainable Values and Achieving Client Satisfaction in Construction Projects through Maintenance Management: The Case of Housing Projects in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Despite the fact that attention is directed towards new projects, this vision should encompass historic buildings. The Economics of Adaptive Reuse of Old Buildings: A Financial Feasibility Study & Analysis @inproceedings{Stas2007TheEO, title={The Economics of Adaptive Reuse of Old Buildings: A Financial Feasibility Study & Analysis}, author={N. Stas}, year={2007} } Adaptive reuse of historic buildings should be used as an essential approach to revitalize these buildings and generate sustainable social, economic and environmental values in developing countries. (2017, June 14). Available at worldbank.org: https://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/new-country-classifications-2016. The Carnegie Library was an important aspect of Ann Arbor and the University's growth and Boston's Old State House is a relic from the nation's birth. 2002). Major Characteristics of Developing Countries. Ball, R. (1999). In: , Pacific Rim Real Estate Society, Kuala Lumpur. 2002). Cities, 27(4), pp. Amer, M. B. UNESCO, World Heritage Centre, Cairo. United Nations Development Programme. Second, two case studies are presented and analysed to explain the role of adaptive reuse towards increasing the sustainable values of historic buildings. Zeybek, H. and Kaynak, M. (2008). (2014). In addition, it contains other features such as mashrabiyas and maq’ad. Sustainable development has three main pillars: environmental, social and economic. 145–159. Available at, http://www.economicsconcepts.com/common_characteristics_of_developing_countries.htm. Available at http://cnx.org/content/m22818/latest on 26 June 2016. In: Proceedings of 14th Annual Pacific Rim Real Estate Society Conference, Pacific Rim Real Estate Society, Kuala Lumpur. The house contains a variety of furniture, carpets and other collections. . Moreover, it aims to reduce the adverse impact on human health, encourage the use of renewable raw materials and eliminate toxic substances, Focuses on achieving environmental objectives economically. 2009; Bullen and Love 2009). Adaptive reuse is considered to be more economic in the analysed cases than demolishing the building and rebuilding it to satisfy a new use. Moreover, stated penalties and punishments should be applied to every community member who violates the rules and damages the adapted historic building, The technology domain of the strategy is mainly concerned with the use of state-of-the-art tools and techniques in the adaptive reuse of historic buildings.

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